Bitumen Calculator (Tack Coat) - IS : 8887

Bitumen Prime Calculator Bitumen Calculation (Tack Coat)


Quantity of Bitumen

14.00 Kgs

Area = 70.00 m2

Bitumen Quantity

Total Area = Length×Breath

Total Area = 70.00 m2

Quantity of Bitumen = Total Area×Rate of Spray

Quantity of Bitumen = 70.00×0.20

Quantity of Bitumen = 14.00 Kgs

What is Bitumen calculation?

Scope :

The work shall consist of the application of a single coat of low viscosity liquid bituminous material to existing bituminous, cement concrete or primed granular surface preparatory to the superimposition of a bituminous mix, when specified in the Contract or as instructed by the Engineer.

Materials :

The binder used for tack coat shall be either Cationic bitumen emulsion (RS 1) complying with IS:8887 or suitable low viscosity paving bitumen of VG 10 grade conforming to IS:73. The use of cutback bitumen RC:70 as per IS:217 shall be restricted only for sites at sub-zero temperatures or for emergency applications as directed by the Engineer. The type and grade of binder for tack coat shall be as specified in the Contract or as directed by the Enginee . 503.3 W eather and Seasonal L imitations Bituminous material shall not be applied during a dust storm or when the weather is foggy, rainy or windy or when the temperature in the shade is less than 10°C. Where the tack coat Bases and Surface Courses (Bituminous) Section 500 169 consists of emulsion, the surface shall be slightly damp, but not wet. Where the tack coat is of cutback bitumen, the surface shall be dry.

Construction Equipment :

The tack coat shall be applied by a self-propelled or towed bitumen pressure sprayer, equipped for spraying the material uniformly at a specified rate. Hand spraying shall not be permitted except in small areas, inaccessible to the distributor, or narrow strips, shall be sprayed with a pressure hand sprayer, or as directed by the Engineer.

Preparation of Base

The surface on which the tack coat is to be applied shall be clean and free from dust, dirt, and any extraneous material, and be otherwise prepared in accordance with the requirements of Clauses 501.8. The granular or stabilized surfaces shall be primed as per Clause 502. Immediately before the application of the tack coat, the surface shall be swept clean with a mechanical broom, and high pressure air jet, or by other means as directed by the Engineer.

Application of Tack Coat :

The application of tack coat shall be at the rate specified in Table 500-5, and it shall be applied uniformly. If rate of application of Tack Coat is not specified in the contract, then it shall be the rate specified in Table 500-5. No dilution or heating at site of RS1 bitumen emulsion shall be permitted. Paving bitumen if used for tack coat shall be heated to appropriate temperature in bitumen boilers to achieve viscosity less than 2 poise. The normal range of spraying temperature for a bituminous emulsion shall be 20ºC to 70ºC and for cutback, 50ºC to 80ºC. The method of application of tack coat will depend on the type of equipment to be used, size of nozzles, pressure at the spray bar, and speed or forward movement. The Contractor shall demonstrate at a spraying trial, that the equipment and method to be used is capable of producing a uniform spray, within the tolerances specified

Type of Surface Rate of Spray of Binder in Kg per sq. m
Bituminous surfaces 0.20 - 0.30
Granular surfaces treated with primer 0.25 - 0.30
Cement concrete pavement 0.30 - 0.35

Curing of Tack Coat :

The tack coat shall be left to cure until all the volatiles have evaporated before any subsequent construction is started. No plant or vehicles shall be allowed on the tack coat other than those essential for the construction.

Quality Control of Work

For control of the quality of materials and the works carried out, the relevant provisions of Section 900 shall apply.

Arrangements for Traffic :

During the period of construction, arrangements for traffic shall be made in accordance with the provisions of Clause 112.

Measurement for Payment

Tack coat shall be measured in terms of surface area of application in square metres.

Rate :

The contract unit rate for tack coat shall be payment in full for carrying out the required operations including for all components listed in Clause 401.8 (i) to (v) and as applicable to the work specified in these Specifications. The rate shall cover the provision of tack coat, at 0.2 kg per square metre or at the rate specifie in the Contract, with the provision that the variation between this quantity and actual quantity of bitumen used will be assessed and the payment adjusted accordingly.

Bitumen Calculation
Area for Bitumen=Length×Breadth

Total Quantity=Total Area×Rate of Spray
  • m2 is a Square meter.
  • length, breadth in mater/cm.

1 m2 = 10.7639 ft2


Importance of Bitumen calculation


It provides a smooth surface to ride because it does not make use of any joints and as compared with concrete pavements, it also gives less sound emission. It maintains the smoothness because the wear and tear are less in the bitumen road.


The concrete pavement shows brittle failures and the deformation and the failure is a gradual process in bitumen road.


The repairing of bitumen road is a quick process and they set fast so they don’t consume time in reverting the path for traffic.


In a situation when problems of fund constraint or traffic estimation problems are faced, this helps in carrying out staged construction.


As compared to concrete pavement, the initial cost and overall maintenance cost of bituminous pavement are less.


They are not affected by de-icing materials and act resistant against high temperatures from melting.

Road Construction Calculators